To rid the world of nuclear weapons and testing is a mission shared by all the people of Kazakhstan. The Kazakh people know first hand the horrors of nuclear weapons: between 1949 and 1991, 456 Soviet nuclear tests were conducted at the Semipalatinsk test site in Eastern Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan inherited more than 1,400 nuclear warheads upon gaining independence from the former Soviet Union in 1991. President Nazarbayev’s first order of business as president was to disarm each of these weapons, and secure the fissile materials.
In 2009 Kazakhstan with other regional partners created a nuclear weapon-free zone in Central Asia, and initiated a regional action plan to strengthen nuclear security, safety, non-proliferation and prevention of nuclear terrorism. Kazakhstan works tirelessly towards creating similar nuclear weapons-free zones throughout the world, and a WMD-free zone covering the Middle East. In 2013, Kazakhstan hosted two rounds of the P5+1 talks on Iran nuclear program, which paved the way for the Geneva talks.
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In 2014 Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament (PNND) held their annual conference in Washington, DC, where Kazakhstan was an involved participant along with the United Nations High Representative for Disarmament Affairs.
Kazakhstan has lead on the issue of nuclear security, non-proliferation and disarmament since it’s independence.